Tuesday, August 25, 2020

The Rights Of Punishment Essays - Punishments, Criminology

The Rights Of Punishment Reminder Is this a shocking bad dream that I need to stir from? Confined and restricted, thinking and considering, I wonder what human is this that he ought to be exposed to detainment that neither improves nor revises his spirit? Is there no empathy for reestablishing a man to add to this country? Or then again does the clouded side of humankind consider guilty parties to be the law as absolute nuisances dishonorable of help and treatment? Society, I have been attempted and condemned. Spending time in jail for abusing the law should be a cookout. Be that as it may, disheartening and dehumanizing a man to the residue of the ground doesn't right conduct that got him imprisoned in any case. This solitary powers the fire, a fire which, if not took care of appropriately, will in time consume everything in its way. Presently who is the genuine lawbreaker? Cell 52514 Square 2-229 Bow City Penitentiary Ordinary, the American jail framework turns out to be increasingly packed and over-troubled. Jail bed space can't stay aware of the jail populace. While presidents and governors require an ?intense position? on wrongdoing, the framework is deficient to contain all guilty parties. In any case, regardless of whether there were sufficient space to fit each person that carries out a criminal demonstration, would this be the best move for the network and the wrongdoer? Putting a person into a jail expels them from everyone, in this way making the general public they live in more secure. Be that as it may, isolating people in a network does in a roundabout way harm the network in general. These people clearly are done adding to the nearby economy, however on an essential level, their nonattendance puts an opening into a network. Guilty parties have been molded by the qualities and practices of their locale. Along these lines, despite the fact that an individual may have acted in a manner t hat is inadmissible to their locale, that individual is as yet the result of his locale. In this way, networks must hold a portion of the weight for making individuals into what their identity is. Along these lines, jails must accomplish all the more then simply contain wrongdoers. A capable society must put forth the attempt to restore these people and make progress to re-interface them with the network. As Bill McKibben says, ?Isn't it an opportunity to concentrate more earnestly on considerable issues, for example, how would we assemble a general public that doesn't annihilate the planet by its covetousness, and doesn't disregard the feeble and poor people (McKibben, p. 720).? Much consideration has been given to issues of huge business versus the earth. Individuals can identify with this reason. In spite of the fact that it may not be as fabulous, it is similarly as significant that society's tends to the necessities of the less lucky. Despite the fact that hoodlums who perpetrate the most intolerable wrongdoings get most of open consideration, most guilty parties are not characteristically detestable or irreversible. Regularly they are feeble people who might not have got ten the best childhood or have imparted in them a lot of qualities contradictory with the network. McKibben feels that it is significant not to disregard these grievous people, and offer them a chance to reconnect with society in a commonly satisfactory manner. Along these lines, penitentiaries need to prepare guilty parties to exist with the remainder of society. In the book, C-Unit, the writers recommend that penitentiaries satisfy a specific job. The advanced jail is approached to perform three assignments: (1) to make unequivocal in real life that the network won't endure certain ruinous practices; (2) to ensure the network, for at any rate impermanent timeframes; and (3) to get ready such people to be capable individuals from the network when they are discharged from jail. (Studt, Messinger and Thomas, p. 3) By containing detainees inside the bounds of a prison, they are expelled from the network everywhere, subsequently ensuring the network. Moreover, by making this jail stay discipline, prisoners, generally, understand that they acted in a way that was unsuitable. Getting ready people for re-reconciliation into society is the place the job of a jail gets unpredictable. A jail stay is probably not going to change any lawbreaker on the off chance that it just implies that they are isolated from the network and there is no drive to change. The main change that should be tended to is on the worth arrangement of a detainee. Without this, it is just shallow to encourage

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Sample Marketing Plan on V Energy Drink free essay sample

The organization will confront extraordinary rivalry. The V caffeinated drink will contend with solid caffeinated drinks contenders, for example, Red bull, Mother, Demon, Lift in addition to and Monster just as other cold vitality markets like coca cola and Pepsi-co and other self-marked virus drinks items. V caffeinated drink will contend through separation in the fundamental fixings and in the substance of caffeine and sugar. It additionally accompanies various flavors or variations like V vitality without sugar, V vitality blue and V vitality dark. The promoting methodologies of the V caffeinated drink will be fixated on four targets: : Firstly, to have 40 percent piece of the overall industry in Auckland, New Zealand, Secondly, to be the brand symbol of outrageous games and music in Australia as well as in New Zealand, to increase 50 percent brand mindfulness and to have a solid network relations among buyers. The organization will utilize a few systems to arrive at these targets, for example, propelling web based game, being a support to some extraordinary games exercises and advancing the item through announcement, TV and radio promotions. We will compose a custom exposition test on Test Marketing Plan on V Energy Drink or then again any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page A. Circumstance ANALYSIS V is a caffeinated drink brand created by Frucor Beverages Ltd since August 1997. In 2003, in stores and administration station, V had a piece of the overall industry over 53% in Australia, making it the most well known caffeinated drink in the two nations. V is made in Australia by Frucor. It has overwhelmed Australian caffeinated drink advertise, catching over 53% of the market and driving the acknowledgment of caffeinated drinks in a day time condition. V is sent out to the United Kingdom in jars and jugs. In 2007, Frucor additionally began to send out its caffeinated beverages to the Netherlands. V was acquainted with Maldives advertise in 2008 and is likewise sold in Argentina, Papua New Guinea and in Spain starting at 2011. The first and V blue flavors has been discharged toward the South Korean market in 2012. Beginning one year from now, the organization is intending to present the V caffeinated drink in New Zealand showcase. It is something especially extraordinary exposed beverage showcase, with an unmistakable container and would it be able to will fill in as a complexity against other juiced cold beverages that are available. Its principle fixing is the guarana which has gained notoriety for stimulatingly affecting brain and body. V is tied in with giving consumer’s the vitality to accomplish the uncommon. It will accessible in various variations relying upon customer’s decision. Initially, the V green which is the first item with an empowering blend of B nutrients, caffeine and guarana. Also is the point at which you have to sneak up suddenly without the calories, it about the V sugarfree. Thirdly, is the V dark on the off chance that you need to encounter the twofold hit of taurine with solid espresso season. Next is the V blue which is additionally called as the baffling flavor and in conclusion, the V pocket rocket which is prescribed to take for just once every day. With each kind sold in compartments extending from 250mL jars and 350 ml glass bottles. The V drink 100 liquid ml of caffeinated drink contains 31mg of caffeine which is essentially not exactly the normal for all caffeinated beverages and 10. 6grams of sugars which is the in particular caffeinated drinks. The percent every day esteems depend on a 2,000 calories diet, so the qualities may change contingent upon every calorie needs. It additionally contains 26. 5g of sugar which is likewise the in particular the contender caffeinated drinks. Contender ANALYSIS| ATTRIBUTES| REDBULL| MOTHER| LIFT-PLUS| MONSTER| DEMON ENERGY| Product Slogan| â€Å"Vitalizes body and mind†| â€Å"Mother of a vitality drink†| Wake up your buds and pick your level| â€Å"Unleash the Beast†| â€Å"No limits-No laws| Price| 2. 59$ 250mL| 3. 35$500mL| 2. 29250mL| 2. 99500mL| 2. 99568mL| Market Share| 40%| 25%| 10%| 15%| 10| Brand awareness| 35%| 30%| 10%| 15%| Energy drink is an intense market. V will have a ton of solid contenders, for example, Red bull, Mother, Lift-in addition, and Demon Energy drinks. One of the stongest is the Redbull which as of now exists for quite a while and it’s the most well known caffeinated drink in the entire world. Rivalry is getting increasingly serious in caffeinated drink industry. Self-marked or home-marked beverages can push the v caffeinated drinks out of the rack in markets particularly that they can pass reserve funds to their clients. SWOT ANALYSIS| STRENGTHS| The items accompanies diverse assortment and distinctive packagingGuarana as the recognizable fundamental ingredientPromotion effortsContents are straightforward on the product’s labellingFashionable and in vogue packagingContains lesser measure of sugarContains lesser measure of caffeine| WEAKNESSES| PricingLack of item conveyance in the marketBrand presentation in other countriesWeak nearness of item in the market areaLimit of 2 jars for every 250mL admission daily| OPPORTUNITIES| Expanding objective marketsIncrease advertise share| Swelling may expand the cost of the beverages and simultaneously, consumer’s pay may diminish. Hence, purchasing a caffeinated drink won't be in their rundown of need since it's anything but a need for savvy purchasers. On the off chance that V caffeinated beverages will present or fare their item in another nation, a chance of an expansion in cost since they need to change the marking of the items. On the off chance that the legislature will forced wellbeing and security limitations on the measure of caffeinated drinks that ought to be devoured, wellbeing is additionally a significant obstruction; a few people say they don’t drink caffeinated drinks ecause they’re unfortunate and in light of its caffeine content. V caffeinated drink target fragment will be people ages 16-40, who are arranged in the city as they are probably going to be truly occupied and tired. Persevering youthful experts with dynamic ways of life who need to be conscious during their working h ours, competitors who need to quicken their exhibition or to recapture their quality after an opposition, and college understudies who don’t need to slack in their exercises. Target markets are dairies close to colleges, comfort stores along the road, gas stations and general stores. The individuals who are worn out, focused and with depleted need something to prop up in their every day exercises. V caffeinated drink will promoted through relationship with outrageous games and music to understudies, youthful experts, and competitors. Understudies are for the most part dynamic on night gatherings and some are additionally doing night move in their low maintenance occupations so they need vitality for the school exercises. Youthful expert doing morning shifts expected to help their vitality just as Athletes who are dynamic in extraordinary games should be stimulated when their occasions. B. Showcasing Objectives and Strategies: The key job of V caffeinated drink will be fixated on four destinations: Firstly, to have 40% piece of the overall industry in Auckland, New Zealand, Secondly, to be the brand symbol of outrageous games and music in Australia as well as in New Zealand, to increase 50 percent brand mindfulness and to have a solid network relations among purchasers. V vitality will utilize a few techniques to arrive at these targets through interchanges, advancements, and dissemination systems. V caffeinated Drink Company will advise the channel accomplices and every one of their partners in New Zealand about the starting of the item through a selective gathering for the partners and all the administrators from each division, to be trailed by a course to be gone to by the entirety of the channel accomplices like stores including private ventures to have a thought regarding the item. At that point, they need to set up a channel relationship with their istributors like general stores and administration stations through giving limits and a free pass to Australia to markets or stores who will get the most noteworthy offer of the V caffeinated drink Small organizations or retail will likewise be without given vouchers with at least 1000$ buy to any variations of the V caffeinated drinks. Considering the tight rivalry of the caffeinated drink showcase , the organization will likewise be utilizing the intensity of media to have the option to achieve the objective brand mindfulness. They will plan a board which includes a notable rugby player who is drinking v caffeinated drink. They will likewise make a radio and TV promotion highlighting the declarations of understudies and a few laborers who effectively completing their works with the assistance of the item. The organization will construct network relations by being one of the patrons and coordinators to each outrageous game like bicycle hustling and vehicle dashing. The primary game to be dispatch will be the V Human Powered Burnout. It is a vehicle dashing action where drivers who need to take an interest should give proof or at least 100$ proof of acquisition of the v caffeinated drink. Constrained Free tickets will likewise be given to intrigued watchers who will send or place in a drop box a v caffeinated drink proof of procurement to be drawn on a month prior to the occasion. Beside being a support, the organization will dispatch their own extraordinary occasions. The organization made another crusade for the v caffeinated drinks. By hacking Kinect movement following programming and consolidating it with sound creation programming; they made The V Motion Project, an instrument that could change the body’s developments into music. The undertaking has brought about an arrangement webisodes, a melody in iTunes, a music video and TVC’s that all exhibit that V brand guiding principle that ‘with enough vitality, you can do exceptional things. This is one method of new and fascinating approaches to draw in with costumers. This undertaking got fruitful in Australia in this way, they are likewise intending to bring into New Zealand. Another technique focusing on the understudies in a college will be through the V Robber’s Training Academy where understudies will be prepared with th

Thursday, July 30, 2020

Blogger Fam Takes the MFA

Blogger Fam Takes the MFA Occasionally, we bloggers get together and do cool things that are off the internet. Today was one of those instances. And by today I mean Sunday, because even though Im writing this at 4:45 AM, tomorrow isnt until 6 AM by MIT rules. Elizabeth was kind enough to organize a trip to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts for us. It happened to be somewhat early (granted, my sleep schedule is messed up enough that I classify 11 AM as somewhat early) and a large proportion of the bloggers were probably still asleep, but Petey, Elizabeth, Afeefah, Danny, and I went anyways and thoroughly enjoyed ourselves. We also took MANY pictures. You have been warned. We started off with an exhibit with art by Takashi Murakami, a modern Japanese artists whose works fall very much into my aesthetic of basically anything Japanese. I usually dont like modern art, but this is just too dang cute. I have no idea what this is, but it looks straight out of Plants vs. Zombies. There were also some more traditional works of art on display. I definitely had a few moments where I briefly thought I was back in Japan wandering through museums again, which added a nice touch of nostalgia. It was generally agreed upon that this piece looked like something that Allan K. would appreciate. Elizabeth told Danny to go stand over by that painting and look candid, which I think he did a pretty good job at. Better than Petey, who straight up looks like hes just staring at this wall. Petey and I both agreed that the color of the surrounding wall was much more interesting than the painting itself. This was pretty interesting to think about. What we consider modern art today will one day be classified as traditional and classical in the future, and thats a little bit mindblowing. Its Van Gogh! Sometimes I forget that the Boston MFA has paintings by such famous artists. We also all found the sight of brush strokes to be oddly satisfying. While there were a lot of water lily paintings by Monet, I thought this one of his wife wearing a Japanese kimono was objectively more interesting. Japanese fashion was trendy back in the Impressionist period, and since its become somewhat trendy again in the modern day, it was interesting to see what the West culturally imported from the East back in the day. I cant remember for the life of me if this painting was by Monet or Gaugain, but something about the way natural lighting was depicted with brush strokes prompted me to take a picture of this. This painting is by Thomas Gainsborough, and the description written next to it was what made me want to take a picture. The idea behind the painting was apparently that the poor shepherd boy is separated both physically (in the painting) and figuratively (by social class) from the highborn girl sleeping next to her terrier, and enjoys a wistful moment to gaze at her before the dog barks and wakes her up. I thought that was kind of sad and very well portrayed. This was just a cool shot. I have no idea who those paintings are by. This was just a necessary picture. And finally, its me in my natural habitat surrounded by cute Japanese stuff. Photo credits to the lovely Elizabeth 3 Thanks to Elizabeth and the blogger fam for the great study break, and heres to many more! Post Tagged #photography

Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay about Challenges Faced by Immigrants - 2884 Words

Challenges Faced by Immigrants The changing environments throughout the ages have caused the movement of thousands of families out of their homelands. Whether forced to make such decisions or doing so by their own desires, all immigrants have had to survive the physical and psychological challenges encountered along the way. To speak about the experiences of all these different people using the same ideas and examples would be quite inaccurate. They all, however, had to live through similar situations and deal with similar problems. Many of them succeeded and found the better future they were looking for. Many others found only hardship and experienced the destruction of their hopes and dreams. All of them were transformed.†¦show more content†¦Many immigrants feel the same way about the things they leave. I know I did when I left my home country of Bulgaria. My parents were hoping to provide my brother and me with a brighter future by moving to the US, the country where anything is possible , or so everyone said. It was 1998 and I was thirteen. I still remember the day we left and how hard it was for my whole family. Through tears, I said goodbye to all my relatives and friends whom I cherished and loved. I felt as if the whole world was closing up in me. I was being taken away from everything I knew and everything I loved. The cool breeze of that autumn day rushed through me as if foreshadowing a hard and cold future. The moment came for us to get on the plane. I wanted to stop time and run away, back to everything I knew. But that was impossible; the choice of turning back did not exist. As I was going up the stairs of the plane, I looked around at the airport and its surroundings. I looked and saw the warmth and light of the familiar places. I took a deep breath of the air around me, knowing it was the last time I could sense it, and went in. It really was hard forShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Esperanza Rising1233 Words   |  5 PagesRose without thorns.†All immigrants have troubles through their life. Maybe they are judged by their Heritage,and that is why they are mistreated. Those are the thorns I’m Talking about Esperanza Ortega from Esperanza Rising by pam Munoz Ryan is no different. This young girl had to face a huge challenge to where she had to leave her home in Mexico. She ran to California to start a new life. Since her papa’s death,Esperanza had face many other challenges as an immigrant. Mama getting sick with valleyRead MoreImmigrants And Refugee1352 Words   |  6 Pagesdecision to move out, or they move by their own desire. Migration and parenthood in a new country are significant transitions that pose stressful challenges for immigrant and refugee parents. Although living in Canada can be rewarding, however, there are challenges that immigrants and refugee face through trying to adapt to the culture of Canada. These challenges may include, battling cultural shock, Language Barriers, Mis conceptions of Homeland and culture, employment, and depression. Read MoreEssay on Working Experiences in Gilded Age America842 Words   |  4 Pagesbut are not limited to age, level of skill, gender, economic class, language(s) spoken, and ethnic origin. It can be said that different groups of people faced drastically different challenges in the world of work; however, some of these challenges are more common within more groups of people than just one. Without a doubt, all Americans faced economic and social issues during this time because of corporate corruption and the lack of laws and programs that protected families from being overworkedRead MoreEssay on An Analysis of the Jungle by Upton Sinclair1396 Words   |  6 PagesIn the early 1900s life for Americas new Chicago immigrant workers in the meat packing industry was explored by Upton Sinclairs novel The Jungle. Originally published in 1904 as a serial piece in the socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason, Sinclairs novel was initially found too graphic and shocking by publis hing firms and therefore was not published in its complete form until 1906. In this paper, I will focus on the challenges faced by a newly immigrated worker and on what I feel SinclairsRead MoreEssay An Analysis Of The Jungle By Upton Sinclair1416 Words   |  6 PagesIn the early 1900s life for Americas new Chicago immigrant workers in the meat packing industry was explored by Upton Sinclairs novel The Jungle. Originally published in 1904 as a serial piece in the socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason, Sinclairs novel was initially found too graphic and shocking by publishing firms and therefore was not published in its complete form until 1906. In this paper, I will focus on the challenges faced by a newly immigrated worker and on what I feel SinclairsRead MoreAnalysis Of The BookThe Jungle, By Upton Sinclair1636 Words   |  7 Pagesthemes on the plight of the immigrants and the workers in the United States. In doing so, he addresses the issues that occurred during the industr ial age. He presented his themes through a narration on a family that moved to Chicago with hopes of improving their livelihood. However, things never went as expected as their hopes of a better living were shunned away by the occurrence of several unfortunate events. Sinclair pinpoints several plights faced by the immigrants and the workers through hisRead MoreThe Immigration Act Of 17901304 Words   |  6 Pagesoften known to be the largest turning point in the history of US immigration. The law limited naturalization to immigrants who were free white persons of good moral character. That being said, The Naturalization act of The United States who granted citizenship to immigrants that faced many barriers are restrictions to the American Law and the many cultural difference caused many challenges throughout the journey process after the Naturalization Act was a success for many groups. To begin I willRead MoreThe American Dream Is Existent1525 Words   |  7 Pagesregarding individuals I have met who are faced with similar situations. Her story suggests that hard work does not guarantee that one will achieve the American Dream. A majority of Canada’s population are immigrants or come from immigrant descent. Millions of people have fled to Canada in hopes of a better life. As a result, Canada has prospered into the beautiful country that it is today. However, it is difficult to believe that immigrants still experience great hardship when theyRead MoreFarmer, Political Boss, and Immigrant968 Words   |  4 PagesFarmer, Political Boss, and Immigrant Various people from the late nineteenth century held diverse opinions on political issues of the day. The source of this diversity was often due to varying backgrounds these people experienced. Three distinct groups of people are the farming class, the political bosses, and the immigrants, who poured into the country like an unstoppable flood. These groups of people also represented the social stratification of the new society, which had just emerged fromRead MoreHunger Of Memory Theme1245 Words   |  5 Pagesan American boy (Rodriguez, 27). During his education, Rodriguez is considered as a minority the fact he is an immigrant to the United Kingdom. In other words, what Richards concludes is that complexion, race, assimilation, as well as Americanism, are the major challenges he faces during his education. Given the above affections to the American society, it becomes a trial for immigrants to adapt to the American environment that they dream of. Life was generally complicated for Richard the fact that

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Fraud, Deceptions, and Downright Lies About Essay Topics on Domestic Violence Exposed

Fraud, Deceptions, and Downright Lies About Essay Topics on Domestic Violence Exposed An important number of deaths are happening on daily basis, because of domestic violence only. Children on the opposite hand may develop serious developmental troubles and could find it challenging to socialize with different individuals. Domestic violence is a continuous problem in various elements of earth. Absolutely free Domestic Violence essay samples can be found FreeEssayHelp with no payment or registration. There are several reasons why people divorce. If you're undocumented (don't have legal papers to be in america) or aren't sure about your immigration status, you need to talk to an immigration attorney. Domestic violence is a big social issue in the USA today, in addition to all over the world. Lots of people have become abusive to their relatives and partners. Spouse abuse occurs throughout all facets of society. In the long run, the world shall be full of hope, and with wom en who have resolved to emancipate themselves. Even if the majority of the times domestic violence is connected to women, it can happen to anybody. The Fight Against Essay Topics on Domestic Violence There are an infinite number of websites that have sample papers on a wide selection of topic. You may use the information for a foundation for your upcoming paper. Make sure that you have enough info to write about. Make sure you can come across enough information for the most fascinating topics. The Essay Topics on Domestic Violence Chronicles If you attempt to look at what causes domestic violence, you can't pinpoint it to one specific issue. It's inadequate to look at domestic violence as a part of the typical interpersonal conflict which happens in most families. Domestic violence does not have any place in today's society and ought to be strongly managed. It is the main example of such behaviours. Essay Topics on Domestic Violence Explained When you have shortlisted a number of the favorable topics you are going to have to be aware of the structure and plan your essay accordingly. A debatable topic provides the writer the chance to bring out many critical points. To begin writing your assignment you would want to run into an interesting and promising topic. Following are a few of the advised sociology essay topic for those students that are unable to choose a great topic for their assignment. What Is So Fascinating About Essay Topics on Domestic Violence? Physical abuse may also include behaviors like denying the casualty of health care when needed, depriving the victim of sleep or other functions required to live. It is normal for the victim for less money as the abuse remains. Domestic violence can happen among elderly couples. Domestic violence and divorce are extremely common social troubles. Abuse as a kid, was a casualty of abuse for a kid, abused former partners and unemployed or underemployed. Victims need strategies to help them see past fear when attempting to escape from bad situations involving abuse. Abuse victims sometimes require medical care. To accomplish this, the writers would have to place down the facts of their research in the argumentative essay, at the identical time they might have to cite the facts to show the credential of the arguments. Without a suitable structure an essay does not have any meaning. Though some essays may not require references, it's strongly advised to create a suitable reference list in line with the essentials of the chosen formatting style, as a way to prevent possible plagiarism problems and maximize your odds to find a great grade for your academic essay. Anxiety, aggressiveness, and changes in how a kid socializes with others are a number of the emotional and behavioral issues that could result because of domestic viole nce. Some scholars have recognized that it's a syndrome although others would deny a syndrome exists. The third phase of the cycle of violence is whenever the violent outbursts stop. The Good, the Bad and Essay Topics on Domestic Violence The variety of known instances of domestic violence isn't complete. Also as a result of history of domestic violence, it's still regarded as acceptable in some ways and not a huge threat to society. For the past few decades, there are million cases of violence on the planet. There'll stay an accession to the statistics, and one cannot predict when the government could finally put a stop to domestic violence. The very first portion of making this kind of argument is normally establishing that we have a tendency to care about and sympathize with different humans. The essay isn't the simplest task to master. When making any sort of argument, it is necessary to consider objections. You can't earn any assumption that you desire. Essay Topic s on Domestic Violence Can Be Fun for Everyone When selecting a definition, bear in mind that there are plenty of kinds of ethical arguments and that the manner in which you argue for your specific claim depends in large part on how you define your terms. Basically however, the concept is to refrain from making assumptions that very few or no acceptable folks would make. After stating your thesis, you will want to explore the matter in depth in order for your reader will comprehend the issue fully. The format and structure of the essay will also vary based on the sort of paper you're likely to write.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Histories of france and britain Free Essays

INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 – Brief Immigration Histories of France and Britain As a nation France has historically attracted migrants from both within and outside of Europe over the centuries. During the nineteenth century migrants flowed into France from neighbouring countries like Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium and Poland, encouraged by the regular opportunities for employment. A significant increase in immigration is evident as France began to rapidly industrialize in the 1850’s and the sudden demand for labour that was created by economic expansion and industrial growth could not be met internally. We will write a custom essay sample on Histories of france and britain or any similar topic only for you Order Now This process continued and increased in scale during the latter 1800’s and 1900’s as France established itself as a major European industrial nation. In 1851 foreigners accounted for around 1% of the total population; by the mid-1880s, this had trebled to nearly 3% (A G Hargreaves, 1995). During the First World War France needed to actively recruit foreign workers in order to keep its infrastructure and war effort going and to maintain necessary supplies from, for example, its munitions factories. When the war ended foreign labour was still needed to lessen the huge impact caused to the domestic labour market by the loss of so many men in the fighting. Immigration was at a high point immediately following the war, but with the advent of the Great Depression in 1929, the whole of Europe, began to experience a serious and long-term period of economic depression. As France was also severely affected, the number of immigrant workers rapidly decreased as they began to sear ch elsewhere for work. Some left willingly as the labour market contracted, whilst others were forcibly removed. By the late 1950s and 1960s, as the economy recovered, the French Government once again recognised the need for immigrants to assist with France’s economic reconstruction. France relied upon migrant workers to meet labour shortages fill low-paid employment into positions that it was otherwise difficult to fill. Initially French politicians and planners intended to meet France’s need for labour by encouraging European immigrants to settle rather than look elsewhere, however, growing levels of prosperity in Europe meant that less and less Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese etc. were attracted to France. The government were therefore forced to look towards migrants from the French colonies and former colonies in North Africa and South-East Asia to fill the labour gap. As in Britain, colonialism created the simplest and most effective channel for labour migration into France. As a major colonial power, France could quickly and efficiently enlist a potential workforce from its colonies and protectorates, particularly the Maghreb (North-West Africa: Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia). By the middle of the 1950s those from the Maghreb region were the most significant group of immigrants moving into France. A huge proportion of those choosing to migrate to France were from Algeria, one of the most important members of the French colonial empire. However, immigration from the Maghreb was different in that unlike pre-war immigrant populations who were almost entirely men, those from the Maghreb began to bring their families over to settle in France too. From the 1970s onwards France witnessed the increase in women from other countries moving to France to be reunited with their husbands and fathers and reuniting as families. These employees were unfortunately also frequently the first to be laid off in the 1980’s as the economy again slowed down. Perhaps in part due to its position as an island, Britain’s significant immigration history is similar though much shorter. Throughout the 19th century census records identify a small but regular trickle of immigrants from all over Europe. Immigrants from further afield were generally part of the slave trade and would not be identified in any census. Slavery was effectively outlawed in 1807, but it was not until 1833 that the Slavery Abolition Act was passed by Parliament, which banned slavery throughout the British Empire and its abolition meant a virtual halt to the movement of black people into Britain. This coincided with a small increase in migrants from Europe, however, immigration by Europeans did not take place in significant numbers. However, we began to see significant levels of immigration during and after both the First and Second World Wars. During both of these conflicts, many thousands of men from across the Empire made the journey to Britain in order to enlist and fight for what they considered to be ‘their country’. India alone provided 1.3 million soldiers to fight in the First World War, 138,000 serving on the Western Front. During the Second World War, almost 60,000 British merchant seamen came from the sub-continent (http://news.bbc.co.uk, 2002). Some of these men stayed in Britain following the end of the war and small immigrant communities established themselves around the port areas. At that time there was no specific legislation regarding immigration but the British establishment did not seem overly enthusiastic. As the Second World War ended, just like in France, the labour market had been decimated by the loss of so many soldiers, and the government began looking again towards immigrants to fill those gaps. A significant number of Polish immigrants were the first to settle in the UK, partly due to the links made during the war. Italians also settled into small communities but not in sufficient numbers to meet the employment need. West Indian men, demonstrating a deep patriotism towards Britain and its Empire, had been keen to migrate in order to fight in the war and as the war ended, their lack of prospects at home and feelings of unity led them to seek to work and stay in the UK. The government needed these men to join Britain’s depleted workforce, although officially immigration from the rapidly shrinking Empire was being discouraged. As mass immigration continued in the 1950s, incidents of prejudice and of racial tension exploded into widespread racism and racial violence in the U K. Until then, legislation had allowed people from the Empire and Commonwealth, who at that time all held British Passports, unrestricted access to Britain. Facing public outcry and political pressure, the government continued to pass successive laws making it more and more difficult for non-white immigrants to enter the country. By 1972, legislation meant that a British passport holder born overseas could only settle in Britain if they, firstly, had a work permit and, secondly, could prove that a parent or grandparent had been born in the UK. (news.bbc.co.uk, 2002) In effect, this meant that children of white families from the British Empire and Commonwealth could migrate to Britain whereas those of black parentage were denied entry. So it can be seen that historically, immigration into both Britain and France shares the same roots in terms of being vital to the workforce and development of both countries at times of need. Where they differ is that France has a much longer history of welcoming migrant workers over a period of at least a hundred years whereas Britain’s interest is much more recent. Immigration into Britain was relatively unpopular as people who were different seemed to be instantly treated with fear and mistrust whereas until the late sixties immigration into France was largely depoliticized and seen as an essential but economic bonus. Up until the early seventies it was anticipated that in time the migrant workers from North and Sub-Saharan Africa would eventually return to their countries of origin, but as it became apparent that a large number intended to settle permanently, public opinion began to change. The French government responded to increasing public concern by, strengthening it s immigration policy and by 1977 had introduced legislation to prohibit all inward immigration. Rapidly, immigration into France had shifted from a generally positive matter of economics into a serious social problem, and the attitudes of the French towards immigrants began to parallel those of the British. Chapter 2 – The Nature of The State in France and Britain One of the most fundamental differences between France and Britain is the nature of the state. In the 1880 the term ‘laicite’ was first used in France following ‘Le crise du seize Mai’ in1877, which was effectively the birth of Republicanism in France, in order to ensure that policies developed were not inspired by religious concerns. In 1905 France fully separated the functions of the Church and the State by passing a law that prohibited the state from formally recognizing or funding any religion or religious organisation that existed to further its religious beliefs. ‘Laicite’ is a concept that is enshrined in the French constitution (Article 1) and remains central to the modern French Republic and a powerful political driving force. The word laicite is difficult to translate directly into English as it encompasses a whole concept, but it is derived from the word ‘layman’ i.e. not part of the clergy. Its closest translation in t erms of ideology is that of ‘secularism’, but this does not really convey its full meaning. Essentially, laicite insists upon the strict separation of state from church, i.e. to have no state religion so that the state officially sees religion as a private matter. In this way France differs considerably from Britain: whereby in Britain the Queen is not only the Head of State but is also the head of the Church of England, giving the church a formal role in the administration of the state, whilst the Catholic Church has no such status in the French Republic, despite the fact that a high proportion of French people are Catholics. This clear difference in state ideology obviously leads to significant differences in approaches to issues of legislation and cultural approaches to social policy. As a ‘secular’ state, France’s approach to immigration and issues of diversity was to follow a clear assimilation model. It is important to the French that one is a citizen first and a full participant in the wider French community and that any form of religious or sub group identity is not sanctioned or otherwise encouraged by the state. In France, as a French citizen you are expected to ‘leave cultural and ethnic differences at the border and are theoretically seamlessly assimilated into the republic. The ideology is that everyone is equal before a state that is blind to colour, race and religion’ (www.guardian.co.uk, 2010). Ethnic minorities do not officially exist in France as it is constitutionally illegal to classify or count people by ethnicity, but the huge difference between this ideological view and the reality of discrimination was becoming a problem in France. Whilst immigration remained a frequently solitary and male dominated process of migrating as an individual, separated from links with home and family, in order to work, assimilation did not appear to have been problematic and therefore did not really present a challenge to the country’s equilibrium. However, with the changes to patterns of migration which involved more families and, over time, the building of new communities of immigrants, particularly focussed in the poor ‘banlieux’, whole generations of young people of immigrant descent have been effectively ‘ghettoised’ and it appears that it is this that has encouraged third and fourth generation young people from immigrant families to seek their own identity and align themselves with religious or geographic communities as a response to the discrimination which does not exist in theory but which is blatantly apparent in reality. In contrast to this Britain adopted a multiculturalism approach to diversity. Such an ideology attempts to create unity through difference, theorising that although a nations sub cultures may be diverse, they should all be celebrated and embraced as they share common values. The two approaches are quite different and France (assimilation) and Britain (multiculturalism) are often used for comparative analysis as both adopt quite clearly identified models of these two approaches. The world continually refers back to these two countries in order to weigh the pros and cons of each social model. With both countries ferociously defending their particular model, and with other countries disagreeing over the relative merits of each, the debate continues. Interestingly however, despite the application of two very different models and responses to immigration and diversity, both France and Britain appear to be facing similar dilemmas, problems and attitudes within their own countries towards i mmigration as a social issue. *Other relevant cultural issues and differences like religion, family, education etc and how they relate to attitudes and public opinion. *Nationalism – France’s assimilation model plays to Nationalist attitudes. Britain as an Island- small within Europe but wanting to be influential. Self protection ideologies also play into the hands of Nationalism. Chapter 3 – Legal and Political Frameworks of France and Britain Since the 1970’s both France and Britain have focussed increasingly on immigration policy and a raft of legislation has followed: In France during the eighties, under a left wing government there was a movement of compassion for immigrant labourers living alone for years, away from their families and a policy of â€Å"Regroupement Familial† (family regrouping) was developed through Jacques Chirac and made law on 29/4/1976, under the principle that † it is a right for each person to have a normal family life†. By 1977 the policy had been revised and it was further modified in December 1984, 24 August 1993 and May 11 1998. This successive legislation not only dealt with the integration of immigrants into France by reaffirming the principles of Republicanism and laicite, but also demonstrated concerted efforts to ensure assimilation through state control rather than rely upon integration simply following on as a result of residence and education. From the la te seventies, changing political fortunes of both left and right wing governments had led to constant reinstatement and reversal of immigration policy and this impacted significantly on integration issues. Indeed France created somewhat of a record for legislative change and counter reversal in terms of immigration policy. In 1993 a right wing coalition gained power, and following the increasingly popular Front Nationale demands for the expulsion of immigrants from France, the response from Charles Pasqua, interior minister, was â€Å"immigration zero.† He later qualified this statement to mean zero illegal immigration, but the intentions behind such policy and legislation were quite apparent. The so-called Pasqua Laws denied foreign graduates the opportunity of taking up jobs offered by French employers and provided only limited residence rights to foreign employees, increased the waiting period for immigrant families’ ‘reunification’ from twelve months t o two years, and refused residence permits to unifying migrants who were in the country illegally. The legislation also increased the powers of the police to deport foreigners. The election of Jacques Chirac, a conservative right wing president in 1995 continued the course of limiting immigration channels. As the far right Front Nationale, led by Jean Marie Le Pen, focussing on an anti immigrant agenda began to rise in popularity, the conservative right responded by adopting some of the issues highlighted as important to the French electorate, notably furthering immigration control. In 1997 Lionel Jospin, a Socialist was voted in as Prime Minister which led to the National Assembly reconsidering their position on immigration policy. The new government commissioned a report on ‘L’immigration et la nationalite’ by Patrick Weil a prominent political scientist. The report highlighted that the Pasqua Laws deprived France the opportunity to benefit from the highly skil led international employee market through policies which made it difficult for foreign students and professionals to settle in France. The report’s recommendations led the way for new immigration law passed in 1998. The new legislation afforded special immigration status to highly skilled foreign scholars and scientists and loosened entry conditions for certain categories of highly skilled foreign professionals, whilst simultaneously aiming to fight illegal immigration. Another significant change was that under the Pasqua Laws, children born to immigrant parents in France had to apply for French citizenship, whereas, under the new 1998 legislation, such children would be automatically granted French citizenship at the age of 18. Since 1945, the French Constitution (Articles 21-24) had dictated that in order to be naturalized an immigrant would need to demonstrate their â€Å"assimilation to the French community† by learning French. Whilst Interior Minister, Nicolas Sarkozy passed laws in 2003 to broaden this, with the additional requirement to demonstrate an understanding and knowledge of the rights and duties of a French citizen. This requirement was further extended in legislation passed by Sarkozy at a time when he was still interior minister but looking towards standing in the presidential elections. This latest legislation in 2007 also required a contract for family unification to be entered into, with sanctions for non compliance, and the requirement to complete an eight week course which was â€Å"an evaluation of language ability and the values of the Republic† before leaving their country of origin (Schain 2008: 57). Prior to 1962, the British Nationality Act of 1948 identified a ‘Commonwealth citizen’ and ‘British subject’ as interchangeable. A British passport holder was identified as a subject of ‘the United Kingdom and Colonies’, which implied that a member of the Commonwealth, as a British subject, was entitled to live and work in the United Kingdom if they so chose. The Conservative government in power from 1954 to 1961 were strongly pro-commonwealth and saw no need to legislate to control immigration. However, among working class Britons opinion was shifting strongly in favour of limiting non white immigration. As public opinion became stronger the Government were put under increasing pressure to introduce immigration control measures. Despite the fact that Labour won the elections in late 1964, they had only a very small majority and were therefore vulnerable to populist pressure exerted by right wing militants. Sir Cyril Osborne, Conservative MP f or Louth proposed a new bill to ‘introduce periodic and precise limits on immigration’ and thus deny entry to Britain of all Commonwealth, immigrants other than those whose parents and grandparents were born in Britain. Although Sir Osborne’s views were generally accepted as somewhat extreme, the Conservative party backed his proposals .The Bill was defeated in March 1965 at its first reading, but soon after the Labour Government itself introduced a White Paper which proposed similar changes to the 1962 Act. The 1965 White Paper signalled the end of immigration for unskilled workers. It also introduced new limitations and regulations on foreign students, dependants of immigrants and visitors to Britain. Compulsory health checks were also introduced for new migrants and the Home Secretary was afforded new powers to remove and repatriate migrants to their countries of origin. However, as the economy began to recover and public opinion cooled, Britain saw the publi cation of a further ‘Race Relations Act’ in 1968. This Act of Parliament shifted the focus from control to reducing racial tensions and tackling discrimination. It made it illegal to refuse public services, housing or work to someone on the basis of their colour, race, ethnicity or nationality and created the Community Relations Commission to promote multi racial harmony. This was the point at which political argument moved firmly away from immigration control to the management and improvement of race relations. The British current approach to integration was developed through this consensus between the two major political parties. This approach adopted a race-relations, or multicultural focus. Integration was seen in British policy more in terms of dealing with access to and eradicating discrimination of resource allocation. The Race Relations Act of 1965 focussed upon the provision of a public body to ensure fairness and advocacy in such issues. The Race Relations Act was further extended in 1968 and again in1976 to provide a clear way forward and bipartisan approach to immigration, race, and multiculturalism. The term â€Å"race† in Britain was clearly applied to those of Asian and African commonwealth origin and from the 1950s political debates had focussed on â€Å"coloured† immigration. This way of differentiating between European and effectively black and Asian immigrant populations was identical to that of France. However, they differed in that the concept of race and e thnicity in Britain was incorporated into the formal policy framework of law. Where the countries differed much more starkly was in approach. Britain firmly established itself as supporting a multicultural rather than assimilation based model. In 1966 Roy Jenkins, then home secretary stated: â€Å"I do not think that we need in this country a melting pot†¦. I define integration therefore, not as a flattening process of assimilation but as equal opportunity, accompanied by cultural diversity, in an atmosphere of mutual tolerance† (Benton 1985: 71). By the 1980s, the education system had lent their considerable support to multiculturalism, which was by now firmly embedded in the legal system. Roy Jenkins’ view was reiterated in educational reports, Particularly the Swann Report in 1985 which identified the negative effect of racism upon the education of black children in the United Kingdom. In 1997 the Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain produced a repo rt which positively identified the United Kingdom to be a â€Å"community of communities†, thus reinforcing a multicultural approach very different from the assimilation model of France. It is interesting that despite these two very different models, by October 2008 a European Pact on Immigration and Asylum had been signed by 27 EU heads of Government to include those of both France and Britain and it is reported that Nicolas Sarcozy stressed that ‘C’est la premiere demonstration d’une volonte commune et d’une vision d’ensemble en matiere d’immigration’ (Le Figaro, 2008) Chapter 4 – The Influence of the Media on Attitudes towards Immigration 2005 riots in France France wearing of headscarf etc Role of the media – use current newspaper tv info to compare media reporting and influence Chapter 5 – Exploring Current Attitudes towards Immigration In order to explore current attitudes towards immigration, I decided to carry out a questionnaire to explore differing attitudes between English and French students on key issues regarding immigration. On reviewing the available literature and data, it is clear that there has been a significant amount of exploration of these issues via major international surveys – for example the European Social Survey, Transatlantic Trends in Immigration, the Institute for Public Policy Research, TNS Sofres etc. The Outcomes of current Transatlantic Trends research released in February this year indicated that English attitudes towards immigration are more negative than our French counterparts. It identified that One in five UK respondents regarded immigration to be one of the most important issues facing the UK today. 68% of respondents in the UK are worried about illegal immigration and 36% concerned about legal immigration. 70% of UK respondents reported ‘poor’ or ‘ve ry poor’ management of immigration by the government as opposed to 58% of French. This research is significant as it suggests that although attitudes towards immigration are more negative in Britain, public opinion in France is rapidly changing and aligning itself with that of the UK. (see appendix ) The biannual European Social Survey appeared to provide the most consistent survey data since respondents in all the European countries concerned were asked the same standardised questions and their results compared year on year. Most of the other survey results I considered were not directly comparable as they were drawing from different surveys completed in separate countries and comparing on the basis of ‘similar’ questioning or even different questioning on the general subject of immigration. On further investigation it became apparent that the European Social Survey consisted of core modules and rotating modules. Unfortunately, although the 2002 survey contained a module specifically concerned with immigration, this rotating module has not been included in any of the four surveys completed since then. This is relevant as research also seems to indicate that, although more negative in Britain, attitudes towards immigration in France and Britain are narrowing rapidly. I therefore decided to use the ESS immigration module to provide a series of questions for my questionnaire. I chose questions that were the most relevant to my own research and interests in the subject. By using these questions I was able to ensure that the format of the questions (in both French and English) had been properly formulated and tested to ensure accurate comparison. The other advantage of using questions from the 2002 ESS was that my results could be directly compared with the main conclusions of that survey. In this way my research, though it will only provide qualitative data due to the limited scope of it, will contribute in some small way towards a better understanding of the difference in attitudes between French and English young people and explore their perceptions in some detail. For my study, I prepared a questionnaire of 16 main questions and asked a random group of English and French students to complete them. The French students were those on exchange placements currently studying in England, and the English students were those who had undertaken a period of study in France. This decision was taken in order to get some degree of similarity between the groups. I followed ethical guidelines and ensured confidentiality. (This was particularly important if I was to be able to get honest attitudes and views from respondents – as the subject matter is clearly both personally and politically sensitive.) Clearly my research only provides limited information. It is not directly comparable with the European Social Survey as my respondents were drawn from a particular group (language students) rather than the general public. My research is also on a very small scale and the views and attitudes of such a small number of respondents cannot realistically be ext rapolated to form more general statements. However, my research provides a good degree of qualitative information as well as some limited qualitative data based results. I will therefore present my findings more as a narrative and draw some limited conclusions from them. My own research involved a total of xx respondents, xx British students and xx French students. Each were given a copy of the questionnaire (either appendix 1 or appendix 2 depending upon language spoken). It was explained to each volunteer that their questionnaires would be treated in strict confidence and that they were not individually identifiable in any way and that completed questionnaires would only be seen by the researcher. It was also made clear that any conclusions drawn would be of a general nature only. Each separate question also provided for a ‘don’t know’ answer to allow recipients to effectively avoid any question they were not happy to answer but enable them to still complete the rest of the questionnaire. As can be seen from the table of results, there was little significant difference between French and British respondents to questions xxxxxx . Thus indicating generally similar attitudes between the countries. It is also interesting that the responses of the British students were not noticeably more negative than those of their French counterparts. This may indicate further narrowing of views internationally or it may simply indicate that educated students with an interest in language are likely to hold views that align more easily with similar others abroad than with those from different backgrounds in their own countries. Question xxxvery interesting because †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ etc †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. Differences and similarities †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦The most significant result is †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. The results of my small piece of research suggest that †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦however as such a limited and specific piece of work, firm conclusions cannot be reliably drawn. Further research in this area would be useful to explore to what extent attitudes are changing and converging and this could then be compared with media and political influence as these may well be highly influential on public opinion. CONCLUSION KEY LITERATURE REVIEW BIBLIOGRAPHY http://news.bbc.co.uk/english/in-depth/uk/2002/short history of immigration.stm Article for BBC – The deep roots of French secularism by Henri Astier -1 September 2004. ESRC Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, Working Paper 45, University of Oxford, 2007. France 24 report on October 4 2007, Great Britain divided on the impact of immigration. Report for Expatica.com – Tests Gauge attitudes towards immigration 16/12/2009. Schain, M. A. (2008). The Politics of Immigration in France, Britain, and the United States: A Comparative Study. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Banton Michael, (1985) Promoting Racial Harmony: Cambridge University Press Europeansocialsurvey.org http://ess.nsd.uib.no/ess/round1/fieldwork.html A.G. Hargreaves, Immigration, `Race’ and Ethnicity in Contemporary France (London: Routledge, 1995) www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/nov/16/france-racism-immigration-sarkozy.CMP=twt-gu http://www.lefigaro.fr/politique/2008/10/16/01002-20081016ARTFIG00451-immigration-le-grand-jour-europeen-d-hortefeux-.php How to cite Histories of france and britain, Essay examples

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

The Noahs ark myth

Noah’s Ark is a vessel, which according to the Book of Genesis (chapters 6-9), was built by Noah at God’s command to save himself, his family, and the world’s animals from a global torrent.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Noah’s ark myth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bailey (10) observes that â€Å"the narrative of the ark is found in Abrahamic religions such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam.† In this essay the real account of events shall be explained and then the truth and logic in them will be analyzed. It is therefore an analysis of the events that are written in the bible and how true they could be in relation to the current world. God realized that mankind was very wicked and therefore decided to sweep people out of the planet. Nonetheless, there was one righteous man called Noah and his family of 8 persons. Noah warned people to stop their wicked ways but no one listened to him, but instead they mocked him. God therefore instructed Noah to build an ark in which he, his family and the animals would stay while he destroyed human kind with water. â€Å"Then the LORD said to Noah, ‘Come into the ark, you and your entire household, for I have seen that you are righteous. Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals, the male and his mate; and a pair of the animals that are not clean† (Emerton 6). At this time Noah was 600 years old; the ark was built it for almost 120 years, but despite the mockery Noah got from the people. Emerton (7) describes the ark as a â€Å"barge-like structure probably built of cypress or cedar, 450 feet long by 75 feet wide and 45 feet high.† The ark of this size would therefore put out of place approximately 20,000 tons because it would weigh 14,000 tons; it had, three decks, one door on the side and a window 18 inches high. The first deck was for the food, the second for accommodation and he thir d for waste. The ark was therefore big enough for the animals since they were the most and the small family of Noah. When it was done Noah parked food for him and the animals to last them till the floods were over. â€Å"He then led animals into the ark seven pairs of each clean species and one pair of the unclean† (Emerton 69). As they entered they were harassed by the sinful mankind but God put his toughest creatures such as lions and tigers to protect them.Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After they had all entered into the ark, God opened the fountains of the deep waters and the windows of heaven and it rained for days and nights. The world was covered with water for 150 days, even the highest mountains were all under water therefore destroying every sinful; mankind that was in existence. Noah waited for the waters to dry up and the ark rested on the peak of Mount Ararat and as the waters resided Noah would send ravens every seven days out to check whether the waters had dried up. They stayed on the mountain peak for five months until he sent a dove that confirmed that the water had dried up by bringing him an olive twig meaning that vegetation was growing and when he sent it again it did not return meaning it had found some where to stay. They came out of the ark with the animals one by one and Noah decided to offer sacrifice to God for saving him and his family. God was pleased and he made a covenant with him using a rainbow in the sky to never to destroy mankind with floods again because man was born evil. â€Å"I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I ever again destroy every living creature as I have done† (Emerton 18). He ordered the animals to be fruitful and fill the world again and so were the three sons of Noah from whom the whole of m ankind was born. The above events seem to be true according the history of the planet because some of its geographical features could be as result of the massive flood. However some of these facts are disputable; some of these are the ages of these people that existed then. Noah is said to have been 600 years when he was ordered to build the ark, which he did so in 120 years. It’s disputable how long man could live then considering that the current man can only live at most a sixth of Noah’s age which is a very big variance. The change in man’s lifespan could be attributed to the changes in ecosystem caused by the flood but still that variance is unimaginable. The ark was built in 120 years that would mean that even after a century mankind did not get the message, a very disputable fact too and also apparently out of 7 billon people only 8 people were righteous (Bailey 205). Animals are also said to have been led to the ark, animals do not have the brain capacit y to cooperate and be led to an ark more so in pairs. Moreover, how could herbivores and carnivores live in the same ark and yet not maul on each other? The carnivores would have also eradicated Noah and his family in the process of putting them in the ark, leave alone living in the ark.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Noah’s ark myth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Noah sent a dove to check whether the waters had dried up, how did it identify that was its mission and that it should come back. The food lasted them a year, but how was this food preserved for so long, and finally how could have Noah and his family built such a strong ark to survive such a massive flood without any sophisticated scientific and technological knowledge. Furthermore, the waters from the flood are said to be from the fountains of the deep seas: where are those fountains that released so much water? Where did the water evapo rate to because to submerge the entire earth surface a lot of water was really needed and it is not seen today? Scientists claim that the water is below the earth deep into the underground but they also say that for such amounts of water to be trapped so deep there must have been a lot of pressure applied. Scientists attest to the flood occurrence but they claim it was due to the break up of a planet between Mars and Jupiter hence causing the floods that subsequently led to too much pressure on earth hence the waters was forced underground. The mountains are also said to have formed at this point and so is the continents due to the immense pressure of the waters, hence before the floods there were no mountains where did the ark stop. Aviators, Christians and other interested people have explored Mount Ararat in turkey to find the ark remains but no evidence has been found yet. The ark story can not be considered a lie altogether because if there were floods then there must have been people who survived it, and for them to survive there must have been some one to protect them. The changes in ecosystem could be the reason of the changes in man as it is evident on what evolution can do. However, some things remain unbelievable but humankind has no other information to prove them wrong and such are the book of Genesis stories. Science could answer some questions but still leave out some that the bible answers but still the bible answers some while others it does not. Therefore, whether to believe the story or not will depend on the method of achieving rationality being used which is influenced by several factors depending on one’s environment and the culture and beliefs that one is exposed to.Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Bailey, Lloyd. Noah, the Person and the Story. South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1989. Print. Emerton, Jackson. An Examination of Some Attempts to Defend the Unity of the Flood Narrative in Genesis: Part II. Vetus Testamentum XXXVIII. (1988): 1-21. Print. This essay on The Noah’s ark myth was written and submitted by user Anderson Everett to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.